Generally, there are two or three stages of orthodontic treatment. Most patients will benefit from an active corrective stage followed by a retention stage. Some patients will benefit from two active treatment stages often referred to as "Phase I and Phase II".
Based on Dr. Elison's initial examination, he may recommend that your child could benefit from two phases of orthodontic treatment. The first phase is done while the child still has many or most of their primary or "baby" teeth. The second phase takes place when the child has most or all of their permanent teeth. Braces may or may not be used during the first phase of treatment and orthodontic appliances may be used instead.
Without this first phase of treatment, Dr. Elison has determined that your child's problem, if left alone, will create an unhealthy environment for the growth and development of your child's teeth, gums, jaws, and face. The treatment will be timed to predictable stages of dental development to provide the greatest potential for improvement and correction of your child's malocclusion (bad bite). Most patients will require a second stage of treatment, often with traditional braces, to complete the tooth and jaw alignment that was started during the first phase of treatment.